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Interior Designers Descriptions, Skills & Requirements

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Interior Designers conceptualize and create aesthetic and functional designs for interior spaces. In general, they work independently or are hired by design agencies, retail stores, construction companies, hospitals, airlines, hotel and restaurant chains, among others.

These professionals are experts in Interior Architecture, building materials and building codes. Similarly, Interior Designers can specialize in design for residential, commercial, institutional, cultural and industrial buildings or for airplanes, boats, trains, commercial events or exhibitions. On the other hand, these professionals are distinguished by their expertise in the decoration of residential or commercial interior spaces, visual optimization and organization of the areas, as well as in the advice for color selection.

Interior Designers are also referred to as Decorator, Interior Designer, Landscape Architect, Bathroom Designers, Kitchen Designers, Industrial Designer.

Responsibilities of Interior Designers

  • Communicate with clients to identify their needs, preferences, security requirements and space purposes:
  • Provide advice on the selection of colors, finishes and materials, floor and wall cladding, window treatments, interior and exterior lighting, furniture and other elements.
  • Discuss and agree details with the client.
  • Keep customers informed during the project.
  • Supervise, if necessary, multiple projects until their conclusion.
  • Develop innovative design concepts that are practical, aesthetic, safe and consistent with the purpose and functionality intended for the spaces, making sure to reflect the client’s objectives and respecting the designated budget:
  • Transform rooms or spaces according to customer requirements, optimizing the available area.
  • Coordinate between clients and suppliers everything related to furniture, decoration, materials, etc.
  • Consider the standards of ergonomics and occupational health, respecting the legislation under construction and the applicable safety codes.
  • Consider the environmental impact of the designs, taking into consideration aspects related to their sustainability.
  • Promote an ecological workplace through sustainable practices.
  • Make plans, sketches, sketches and assemble models:
  • Prepare plans, sketches or detailed diagrams and make 3D models that show the distribution of walls, divisions, arrangements, lighting and other fixed elements using tools for computer-aided design (CAD) and graphics software, thus providing the customer with a vision Detailed appearance of the room.
  • Make plans, sketches, elevations, cross-sections and detailed drawings.
  • Prepare sketches and plans including the specifications of the final design, taking into account current techniques and building codes.
  • Organize the necessary provision of materials, such as ventilation equipment, coverings, fixed elements, furniture, works of art and other decorative objects.
  • Supervise the painting, decoration and construction work to ensure that the project is being developed within the designated budget and in the planned execution times:
  • Maintain contact with the rest of the project members to clarify, coordinate and negotiate any inconvenience.
  • Direct, if necessary, the work team and outsourced personnel.
  • Ensure that project execution is up to date according to the established schedule.
  • Calculate budgets and estimate costs of materials and other expenses necessary to obtain the desired result.
  • To act as a point of contact between the construction personnel (Architects, Painters, Electricians, Decorators, Engineers and the Inspector of the work), the client and, in some cases, the real estate experts:
  • Provide support to the parties involved in the project when necessary.
  • Maintain positive relationships with the client and the rest of the work team throughout the execution of the project.
  • Provide advice regarding leasing, real estate and Marketing.
  • Prepare written documentation about the project, which must establish the agreements, the minutes of the meetings held, payments, invoices, communications, among others:
  • Review the documentation described above to ensure compliance with codes and legislation relevant to the building.
  • Ensure that both documentation and contracts comply with the standards established by the council in charge of the project.
  • Ensure that the documents required to complete the project or any of its phases contain the correct information.
  • Verify that the documents correspond to the intention of the design in execution.
  • Stay abreast of new trends and advances in the Interior Design industry:
  • Be up to date with regard to innovative decorating techniques, new materials and original tools.

Daily Tasks of Interior Designers

  • Meet with customers to develop the best design.
  • Make the estimate of costs and materials.
  • Maintain communication with both customers and construction personnel, in order to meet the needs of the former, as well as to establish execution times and budget.
  • Prepare plans and assemble models.
  • Provide the necessary materials.
  • Follow up on construction, decoration and painting work.
  • Follow up on construction, decoration and painting work.
  • Keep the client informed throughout the execution of the project.

Interior Designers Required Skills

  • Excellent creative skills, a refined artistic sense and willing to try new ideas.
  • Communication skills:
  • Communicate clearly, in writing and orally, to give clear instructions.
  • Be a good listener to understand and comply with customer requests.
  • Have a vocation for service and leadership.
  • Have determination and resistance.
  • Have the ability to work together with Architects and Construction personnel.
  • Organized and able to manage your time effectively:
  • Having the ability to work on multiple projects at once and be able to do so under pressure in a dynamic and active environment.
  • Having the ability to organize time and prioritize tasks, in order to meet customer requests.
  • Be responsible, reliable and organized.
  • Be detailed and structured.
  • Motivated and willing to work independently and in conjunction with a multidisciplinary team.
  • Physical strength:
  • Having the ability to remain seated, standing, bowing, crouching or kneeling for extended periods of time.
  • Move furniture when necessary.

Interior Designers Requirments

  • Must have creativity, an artistic vein and technical knowledge of the area.
  • Although it is not necessary to have a special certification to start in this profession, it is advisable to have a university degree in Interior Design, Architecture, Space Design, Arts, Environment and other similar disciplines.
  • In turn, it is essential to have acquired work experience before applying for jobs at the beginner level.
  • Similarly, it is crucial that Interior Designers have a mastery of design tools such as Adobe Suite, Revit, AutoCAD, Photoshop, InDesign, Illustrator, Sketch-up and that it handles Microsoft Office and programs such as buildingSMART, Building Information Modeling (BIM ), Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) and 3D modeling.
  • As with other careers within the design branch, in order to start a fruitful profession, it is essential to develop a portfolio that contains a diversity of environments and spaces.
  • On the other hand, beginner Interior Designers are usually required to have a minimum experience of about 4 to 6 years in the area, while higher positions require at least 10 years of experience.
  • In order to emerge in the Interior Design industry, it is necessary to establish a reliable network of customers, for which they must build their reputation and acquire contacts, especially if they are dedicated to being freelancers or freelancers since they work in High profile projects will begin to attract business opportunities. Some guild professionals specialize in a specific area of ​​Interior Design and seek to gain a place in the market.
  • In general, most Interior Designers must complete a regular workday of eight hours a day; However, given that much of the work of Interior Designers is carried out on-site, the need to travel may be frequent, especially in the commercial real estate sector.
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