People & Places

Interesting Facts about Ekiti State

Ekiti State is situated entirely within the tropics, in the South-Western part of Nigeria. It is located between longitudes 40°51′ and 50°451′ East of the Greenwich meridian and latitudes 70°151′ and 80°51′ north of the Equator. Ekiti state was created on October 1st 1996 after it was carved out of the Ondo state territory

The state lies south of Kwara and Kogi State, East of Osun State and bounded by Ondo State in the East and in the south, with a total land Area of 5887.890sq km. Ekiti State has 16 Local Government Councils.

Ekiti State Population

By 1991 Census, the population of Ekiti State was 1,647,822 while the estimated population upon its creation on October 1st, 1996 was put at 1,750,000 with the capital located at Ado-Ekiti. The 2006 population census by the National Population Commission put the population of Ekiti State at 2,384,212 people.

Ekiti State Geography/Topology

Mainly an upland zone rising over 250 metres above sea level, Ekiti has a rhythmically undulating surface. The landscape consists of ancient plains broken by steep-sided outcropping dome rocks. These rocks may occur singularly or in groups or ridges and the most notable of these are to be found in Efon-Alaaye, Ikere-Ekiti and Okemesi-Ekiti.

An important feature of the state is a large number of hills it possesses, which are often the site of towns in which much of the population resides. In fact, the word ‘Ekiti’ was derived from the local term for hill.

Climate & Vegetation

Ekiti State enjoys a tropical climate with two distinct seasons. These are the rainy season (April – October) and the dry season (November – March). Temperature ranges between 21oC and 28oC with high humidity. The south-westerly winds and the North East Trade winds blow in the raining and dry (Harmattan) seasons respectively. Tropical Forest exists in the south, while guinea savanna predominates in the northern peripheries.

Ekiti State Language & Culture

The Ekiti is a sub-group of the Yoruba, and indeed their ancestors migrated from Ile-Ife, the spiritual home of all Yoruba. The local dialect is spoken with slight variations in the different communities, but this does not prevent Ekiti indigenes from understanding each other. Christianity, Islam and traditional religions are all practiced.

The people of Ekiti are culturally homogenous and speak a special dialect of Yoruba language known as Ekiti. The dialect, however, varies across locations, e.g. Otun people (in Moba land) speak a dialect close to that of the Igbominas in Kwara and Osun States; the Oke-Ako, Irele and Omu-Oke people speak a dialect similar to that spoken by the Ijumus in Kogi State. The people of Efon Alaaye also speak a similar dialect to that of the Ijesas of Osun State. Although slight (and in very few locations, somewhat wide) variations exist in the local dialects, the Ekiti people understand each other and communicate pretty well.

Agricultural Products & Minerals

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Ekiti, and it is the major source of income for many in the state. Agriculture provides income and employment for more than 75% of the population of Ekiti State.

Some of Ekiti’s agricultural produce are Cash crops such as Cocoa, Oil Palm, Kolanut, Plantain, Bananas, Cashew, Citrus and Timber; Arable /Food Crops such as Rice, Yam, Cassava, Maize and cowpea. A detailed list of agricultural produce is contained in the tables below.

Cash Crops in Ekiti State

S/NoCropLocationsUses
1CocoaIse, Emure, Ilawe, Ado, Igede, Igbara, Odo, Aramoko, IkoroCocoa butter, Cocoa, Powder, Beverages, Cocoa Liquor and Export
2Oil PalmSpread across the StateVegetable Oil, Spices, Flavoring and export
3Kola NutIkoro, Igede, Ise and generally in the forest zoneStimulants and export
4Plantain/BananaWidespread across the StatePlantain Flour, Plantain Beer, Plantain Balls & Chips/Crape
5CashewNorthern part of the StateOil, Nuts and for export
6CitrusWidespread across the StateFruit, Juice, Fruit Wine and for export
7RubberSouthern part of the StateTyre manufacturing, Crepe and for export
8TimberIjero, Ise, Ikere, Aramoko, AdoLog, Planks, Panel Furniture Ilawe and for export

Arable/Food Crops in Ekiti State

S/NoCropHighly Cultivated LGAsIndustrial Uses/Products
1RiceIrepodun/Ifelodun, Ekiti West, Ekiti East, IkoleFlour, Grits, Grains
2YamWidely cultivated across the StateYam Flour
3CassavaWidely cultivated across the StateGarri, Starch, Adhesive, Mosquito Expeller, Livestock Feeds, Chips, Yeast, Alcohol Products
4MaizeWidely cultivated across the StateMaize, Grit, Corn Flour
5CowpeaNorthern Part of the StateGrits, Flour
6Plantain & BananaWidely cultivated across the StatePlantain Flour, Plantain Chips/Crepe, Plantain Juice & Beer

Mineral Resources in Ekiti State

Ekiti is rich in natural mineral resources, with several of these yet to be tapped. They include cassiterite, columbite, and tantalite which are found in Ijero-Ekiti, ceramic (ball) clays and kaolinitic clays which are available in Isan Ekiti and Oye Local Government Area. Feldspar which is used in the manufacture of glass is found in Oke Ewu in Ijero Ekiti and in Aramoko. Bauxite clay is available in Orin-Ekiti in Ido/Osi Local Government Area, while foundry quartzite can be found around Ijero and Efon Alaaye, Ekiti.
Dimension stones like granites, charconites and banded gneisses exist extensively in Ikere-Ekiti, Ado-Ekiti, Oye-Ekiti, Ewu and Otun-Ekiti. Mica/Moscovite is found in most parts of the state, while Tantalum is also available in Ijero.

A comprehensive list of natural resources in Ekiti state can be found in the table below.

S/NoTypes of MineralTownLGAIndustrial Uses/Product
1Clay KaolinIsan-EkitiOyeChemicals, Industrials abrasive, Ceramics wares,  Pharmaceuticals, Fertilizers. White tiles, Insulator wares, Pencils.
2Cassiterite and Tin OreIjero-EkitiIjeroTin Planting, Tin Can, Alloys Printings and Dying.
3ColumbiteIjero-EkitiIjeroSpecial Steel, Electronic Tube, Filaments in Rackets and Air Craft Manufacture
4Bauxite (Aluminum Ore)Orin-EkitiIdo OsiAluminum Productsproduction
5Foundry SandIjero-EkitiIjeroFoundry Ceramics Manufacture of Glass Wares
6Charnochite GraniteIkere-Ekiti, Ado-Ekiti, Emure-Ekiti, AramokoIkere, Ado, Emure, Ekiti WestStone Cutting and Polishing, Road Aggregate

Geo-Political Arrangement in Ekiti State

Ekiti State has 16 local governments; with five under the Ekiti Central Senatorial District; another five under the Ekiti North Senatorial District and the other six under the Ekiti South Senatorial District.

S/NoLG NameHQ
1Ado-EkitiAdo-Ekiti
2Efon-AlaayeEfon-Alaaye
3Ekiti EastOmuo-Ekiti
4Ekiti South WestIlawe-Ekiti
5Ekiti WestAramoko
6EmureEmure-Ekiti
7Gbonyin (Aiyekire)Ode-Ekiti
8Ise/OrunIse-Ekiti
9Ido-OsiIdo-Ekiti
10IjeroIjero-Ekiti
11IkereIkere-Ekiti
12IkoleIkole-Ekiti
13IlejemejeIye-Ekiti
14Irepodun/IfelodunIgede-Ekiti
15MobaOtun-Ekiti
16OyeOye-Ekiti

Ekiti Central Senatorial District

  • Ado Local Government Area
  • Efon Local Government Area
  • Ekiti West Local Government Area
  • Ijero Local Government Area
  • Irepodun/Ifelodun Local Government Area

Ekiti North Senatorial District

  • Ido/Osi Local Government Area
  • Ikole Local Government Area
  • Ilejemeje Local Government Area
  • Moba Local Government Area
  • Oye Local Government Area

Ekiti South Senatorial District

  • Ekiti East Local Government Area
  • Ekiti South West Local Government Area
  • Emure Local Government Area
  • Gbonyin Local Government Area
  • Ikere Local Government Area
  • Ise/Orun Local Government Area

Federal Constituencies in Ekiti

  • Ekiti Central I – Ado/Irepodun/Ifelodun
  • Ekiti Central II – Ijero/Efon/Ekiti West
  • Ekiti North I – Ikole/Oye
  • Ekiti North II – Ido-Osi/Ilejemeje/Moba
  • Ekiti South I – Ekiti South West/Ikere/Ise-Orun
  • Ekiti South II – Ekiti East/Emure/Gbonyin

Ekiti State Past Governors

Below is the list of administrators and governors of Ekiti State, which was created on October 1, 1996, carved out of the territory of Ondo State.

NameTitleTenurePartyRemarks
Lt. Col. Mohammed BawaAdministrator7 October 1996 – August 1998Under Military ruleFirst administrator after State creation
Navy Captain Atanda YusufAdministratorAugust 1998 – 29 May 1999Under Military rule
Otunba Niyi AdebayoExecutive Governor29 May 1999 – 29 May 2003Alliance for Democracy (AD)First elected Civilian Governor of the State
Mr. Ayo FayoseGovernor29 May 2003 – 19 October 2006Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP)Second elected Civilian Governor of the State. Fayose’s impeachment on October 16 by the State Assembly (and brief replacement by Speaker Aderemi) was declared illegal by Federal Government.
General Tunji Olurin (Rtd)Administrator19 October 2006 – 27 April 2007Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP)Appointed Administrator after the declaration of a state of emergency in the State.
Chief Tope AdemiluyiActing Governor27 April 2007 – 29 May 2007Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP)
Engr Segun OniGovernor29 May 2007-17 Feb 2009Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP)Oni was removed by Appeal Court (based on illegal returns of April 2007 elections), and a partial re-run was ordered.
Rt. Hon. Tunji OdeyemiActing Governor17 February 2009 – 6 May 2009Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP)He became Acting Governor when the Appeal Court, sitting in Ilorin, Kwara State nullified Segun Oni’s election and ordered a rerun poll in 10 out of the 16 Local Councils in the State.
Dr. John Kayode FayemiGovernor16 Oct 2010 – 16 Oct 2014All Progressive Congress (APC)
Mr. Ayodele FayoseGovernor16 Oct 2014 – 16 Oct 2018Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP)
Dr. John Kayode FayemiGovernor16 Oct 2018 –All Progressive Congress (APC)He was returned as Governor after resigning as the Minister of Solid Minerals Development on May 30, 2018.

 

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