Health & Wellness Information

Cost of Caesarean Section (C-Section) in Nigeria

Caesarean section, also known as C-section, or caesarean delivery, is the use of surgery to deliver babies. A caesarean section is often necessary when a vaginal delivery would put the baby or mother at risk. This may include obstructed labor, twin pregnancy, high blood pressure in the mother, breech birth, or problems with the placenta or umbilical cord. A caesarean delivery may be performed based upon the shape of the mother’s pelvis or history of a previous C-section.

C-Section in Nigeria is quite common in Nigeria and its cost varies from location to location, hospital to hospital, the surgeons involved and the prevailing circumstances involved.

In this post, we discuss the cost of C-Section in Nigeria.

Caesarean section

A diagram of Caesarean section types

Page Contents

Cost of C-Section in Nigeria

The cost of C-section in Nigeria is around N150,000-N200,0000 but this price is not fixed as it varies for hospitals, locations, surgeons, and the prevailing circumstances. It could be more expensive than the quoted sum in certain private hospitals.

Factors Responsible for C-Section Costs in Nigeria

1. Hospital

Is it a government-owned or private hospital. Public hospitals do caesarean section at a cheaper rate compared to private hospitals. For example, the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), LUTH, and central hospital, Benin-city do C-Section for around 140k while Lily hospital does caesarean delivery for as high as N300,000 to N350,000.

2. Location

Your location determines the price of CS. C-section is more expensive in the cities than in rural areas. Hospitals in cities like Port Harcourt, Abuja, Lagos, Benin-City, Enugu, Akure, Abeokuta, Ibadan, and Kano charge higher for CS than those in rural areas. For instance, the average cost of CS in Lagos metropolis is N160,000 compared to the 100k in its suburbs. This does not mean you should go to the village to have a CS delivery.

3. Emergency or Elective

Emergency C-section is an obstetric emergency that requires urgent surgical intervention to save both mother and baby e.g. obstructed labour, fetal distress, placenta previa, breech pregnancy. Elective CS is not an emergency, it is planned between the woman and the doctor. Emergency CS is more expensive and can go as high as 300k depending on the hospital. Elective CS is at a lower rate compared to the former.

4. Antenatal

Did you book you pregnancy with the hospital? Hospitals as a tradition, charge women who did antenatal care with them less. CS for booked pregnant women in some private hospitals is about 120k. It is a culture for all hospitals including teaching hospitals. It may not always be the case though.

5. Were you transfused?

Some women may require transfusion during and after caesarean delivery especially in emergency CS and this adds to the cost. A pint of blood costs around N12,000. Some women may require up to 4 pints of blood during and after the CS procedure. Add this up and you will get 48k. Money for transfusion is not part of the surgery fee. However, for elective cases, you may discuss it with your doctor to include it in your final bill.

6. Drugs

The good thing is most hospitals include drug costs in their C-section fees. Others that don’t are very few. In special cases, please note that the cost of special drugs like Rhogam for Rhesus incompatible mother and baby, and hepatitis B immunoglobin for hepatitis b exposed baby (hepatitis B positive mother) will be footed by the couple and as it is not part of the surgery fee unless otherwise discussed and agreed.

7. Hospital Stay

Normally, patients who had C-section are discharged within 48 – 72 hours. Women who stay longer in the hospital after delivery pay more. This does not mean you should be discharged against medical advice (DAMA). Most women who have long hospital stays have an emergency and complicated C-section. So it is only advisable to be guided.

8. Others

Other determinants of the cost of C-section in Nigeria are the anesthetist fee, type of anasthesia, surgeons fee, history of previous CS, medical condition of the woman (hypertensive, diabetic, asthmatic), multiple gestations (twin), and rapport with the doctors and nurses (in private hospital)

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